Transcription

Integrated ChineseADVANCE SAMPLEIntegrated Chinese 2nd EditionLevel 1 Part 1 Textbook(Simplified Character Ed.)DO NOT DUPLICATE

CHENG & TSUI PUBLICATIONS OF RELATED INTERESTMaking Connections: Enhance Your Listening Comprehension in Chinese(Text & Audio CD Set)Madeline K. Spring Includeslessons for Integrated Chinese users.Simplified CharactersTraditional Characters0-88727-366-10-88727-365-3Chinese BuilderCards: The Lightning Path to Mastering VocabularySong Jiang and Haidan Wang Includesvocabulary from Integrated Chinese.Simplified CharactersTraditional Characters0-88727-434-X0-88727-426-9Cheng & Tsui Chinese-Pinyin-English Dictionary for LearnersWang Huan, Editor-in-ChiefPaperback0-88727-316-5Cheng & Tsui Chinese Character DictionaryWang Huidi, Editor-in-ChiefPaperback0-88727-314-9Crossing Paths: Living and Learning in China, An Intermediate ChineseCourseHong Gang Jin and De Bao Xu, with Der-lin Chao, Yea-fen Chen, and Min ChenPaperback & Audio CD Set0-88727-370-XShifting Tides: Culture in Contemporary China, An Intermediate ChineseCourseHong Gang Jin and De Bao Xu, with Songren Cui, Yea-fen Chen, and Yin ZhangPaperback & Audio CD Set0-88727-372-6Please visit www.cheng-tsui.com for more information on these and manyother language-learning resources, or visit www.webtech.cheng-tsui.com forinformation on web-based and downloadable products.

LEVEL 1Part 1Integrated Chinese中文聽說讀寫Simplified Character EditionTEXTBOOK2nd EditionTao-chung Yao and Yuehua LiuLiangyan Ge, Yea-fen Chen, Nyan-ping Bi,Xiaojun Wang and Yaohua Shi

Copyright 2005, 1997 Tao-chung Yao, Yuehua Liu, Liangyan Ge, Yea-fen Chen, Nyan-pingBi, Xiaojun Wang and Yaohua ShiSecond EditionAll rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in anyform or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, scanning, or any information storage or retrieval system, without written permission from thepublisher.10 09 08 07 06 0510 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1Published byCheng & Tsui Company, Inc.25 West StreetBoston, MA 02111-1213 USAFax (617) 426-3669www.cheng-tsui.com“Bringing Asia to the World”TMLibrary of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data is available for this title.Integrated Chinese Level 1 Part 1 TextbookSimplified Character EditionISBN 0-88727-460-5The Integrated Chinese series includes books, workbooks, character workbooks, audioproducts, multimedia products, teacher’s resources, and more. Visit www.cheng-tsui.comfor more information on the other components of Integrated Chinese.Printed in the United States of America

THE INTEGRATED CHINESE SERIESThe Integrated Chinese series is a two-year course that includes textbooks,workbooks, character workbooks, audio CDs, CD-ROMs, DVDs and teacher’sresources.Textbooks introduce Chinese language and culture through a series of dialogues and narratives, with culture notes, language use and grammar explanations, and exercises.Workbooks follow the format of the textbooks and contain a wide range ofintegrated activities that teach the four language skills of listening, speaking,reading and writing.Character Workbooks help students learn Chinese characters in their correct stroke order. Special emphasis is placed on the radicals that are frequently used to compose Chinese characters.Audio CDs include the narratives, dialogues and vocabulary presented in thetextbooks, as well as pronunciation and listening exercises that correspondto the workbooks.Teacher’s Resources contain helpful guidance and additional activitiesonline.Multimedia CD-ROMs are divided into sections of listening, speaking, reading and writing, and feature a variety of supplemental interactive games andactivities for students to test their skills and get instant feedback.Workbook DVD shows listening comprehension dialogues from the Level 1Part 1 Workbook, presented in contemporary settings in color video format.

PUBLISHER’S NOTEWhen Integrated Chinese was first published in 1997, it set a new standardwith its focus on the development and integration of the four language skills(listening, speaking, reading and writing). Today, to further enrich the learning experience of the many users of Integrated Chinese worldwide, the Cheng& Tsui Company is pleased to offer the revised, updated and expanded secondedition of Integrated Chinese. We would like to thank the many teachers andstudents who, by offering their valuable insights and suggestions, havehelped Integrated Chinese evolve and keep pace with the many positive changes in the field of Chinese language instruction. Integrated Chinese continuesto offer comprehensive language instruction, with many new features.The Cheng & Tsui Asian Language Series is designed to publish and widelydistribute quality language learning materials created by leading instructorsfrom around the world. We welcome readers’ comments and suggestionsconcerning the publications in this series. Please send feedback to our Editorial Department (e-mail: [email protected]), or contact the followingmembers of our Editorial Board.Professor Shou-hsin Teng, Chief Editor3 Coach Lane, Amherst, MA 01002Professor Dana Scott BourgerieAsian and Near Eastern LanguagesBrigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602Professor Samuel CheungDept. of Chinese, Chinese University of Hong Kong,Shatin, Hong KongProfessor Ying-che LiDept. of East Asian Languages, University of Hawaii,Honolulu, HI 96822Professor Timothy LightDept. of Comparative Religion, Western Michigan University,Kalamazoo, MI 49008

CONTENTSPreface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Abbreviations for Grammar TermsAbout Note References . . . . . . .Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xvxxxxi. 11. Chinese Pronunciation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12. Chinese Writing System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203. Useful Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26Lesson 1: Greetings29Vocabulary and Texts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29Dialogue I: Exchanging Greetings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30Dialogue II: Asking One’s Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33Supplementary Vocabulary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35Grammar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 361. The Verb 姓 (xìng)2. Questions Ending with 呢 (ne)3. The Verb 叫 (jiào)4. The Verb 是 (shì)5. Questions Ending with 嗎 (ma)6. The Negative Adverb 不 (bù)7. The Adverb 也 (yě)Pattern Drills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43Pronunciation Exercises . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49English Texts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50Lesson 2: Family51Vocabulary and Texts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51Dialogue I: Looking at a Family Photo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51Dialogue II: Asking about Someone’s Family . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55Grammar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 581. Measure Words (I)2. Interrogative Pronouns

xIntegrated Chinese Level 1 Part 1: Textbook 3. 有 (yǒu) in the Sense of “to Have” or “to Possess”4. 有 (yǒu) in the Sense of “to Exist”5. The Usage of 二 (èr) and 兩 (liǎng)6. 都 (dōu, both; all)Pattern Drills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64Pronunciation Exercises . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70English Texts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71Lesson 3: Dates and Time72Vocabulary and Texts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72Dialogue I: Taking Someone Out to Eat on His/Her Birthday. . . . 72Dialogue II: Inviting Someone to Dinner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78Supplementary Vocabulary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80Grammar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 821. Numbers (0, 11–100)2. Dates and Time3. Pronouns as Modifiers and the Usage of 的 (de)4. Pivotal Sentences5. Alternative Questions6. Affirmative Negative (A-not-A) Questions (I)7. 還有 (hái yǒu, also, too, in addition) NounPattern Drills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89Pronunciation Exercises . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94English Texts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95Lesson 4: Hobbies97Vocabulary and Texts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97Dialogue I: Talking about Hobbies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97Dialogue II: Inviting Someone to Play Ball . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101Functional Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .104Supplementary Vocabulary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106Grammar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1061. Word Order in Chinese2. Affirmative Negative Questions (II)

Contentsxi 3. 那 (么) (nà{me}) as a Cohesive Device4. 去 (qù, to go) Verb5. The Auxiliary Verb 想 (xiǎng, to want to)6. Questions with 好嗎 (hǎo ma)Pattern Drills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .111English Texts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115Lesson 5: Visiting Friends117Vocabulary and Texts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117Dialogue: Visiting a Friend’s Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117Functional Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .122Narrative: At a Friend’s House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124Supplementary Vocabulary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126Grammar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1271. 一下 (yí xià) and (一) 點兒 ({yì}diǎnr) Moderating theTone of Voice2. Adjectives Used as Predicates3. 在 (zài, at; in; on)4. The Particle of Mood 吧 (ba)5. The Particle 了 (le) (I)6. The Adverb 才 (cái)Pattern Drills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133English Texts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138Lesson 6: Making Appointments140Vocabulary and Texts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .140Dialogue I: Calling One’s Teacher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140Functional Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .146Dialogue II: Calling a Friend for Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149Supplementary Vocabulary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153Grammar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1541. The Preposition 給 (gěi)2. The Auxiliary Verb 要 (yào, will; be going to) (I) [See also L.9 G1]

xiiIntegrated Chinese Level 1 Part 1: Textbook 3. 別 (bié, don’t)4. The Auxiliary Verb 得 (děi, must)5. Directional Complements (I)Pattern Drills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .158English Texts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .163Lesson 7: Studying Chinese165Vocabulary and Texts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .165Dialogue I: Asking about an Examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165Functional Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .169Dialogue II: Preparing for a Chinese Class . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171Supplementary Vocabulary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175Grammar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1761. Descriptive Complements (I)2. 太 (tài, too) and 真 (zhēn, really)3. The Adverb 就 (jiù) (I)4. Ordinal Numbers5. 有一點兒 (yǒu yìdiǎnr, somewhat, rather; a little bit)6. 怎么 (zěnme, how come) in Questions7. The Use of Nouns and Pronouns in Continuous DiscoursePattern Drills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .183English Texts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .188Lesson 8: School Life190Vocabulary and Texts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .190A Diary: A Typical School Day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190A Letter: Talking about Studying Chinese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195Grammar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1981. The Position of Time-When Expressions2. 就 (jiù) (II) [See also L.7 G3]3. 一邊.一邊.(yìbiān. yìbiān.)4. Serial Verbs/Verb Phrases5. Double Objects

Contentsxiii 6. More on the Particle 了 (le) (II) [See also L.5 G5 and L.10 G2]7. .的時候, 正在.(.de shíhou, zhèngzài., when.be doing.)8. 除了.以外, 還 (chúle.yíwài, hái, in addition to., also.)9. 能 (néng) and 會 (huì) (I) ComparedPattern Drills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .206English Texts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .212Lesson 9: Shopping214Vocabulary and Texts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .214Dialogue I: Buying Clothes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 214Dialogue II: Exchanging Shoes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219Supplementary Vocabulary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221Grammar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2231. The Auxiliary Verb 要 (yào) (II) [See also L.6 G2]2. Measure Words (II) [See also L.2 G1]3. 的 (de) Structure4. 多 (duō) Used Interrogatively5. Amounts of Money6. 跟/和.(不) 一樣 (gēn/hé.{bù} yíyàng, {not the} same as.)7. 雖然., 可是/但是.(suīrán., kěshì/dànshì., although.yet.)Pattern Drills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .228English Texts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .233Lesson 10: Talking about the Weather235Vocabulary and Texts. . .