Transcription

Lesson 9 ShoppingLevel 1 Part 1Integrated ChineseCHARACTER WORKBOOKSimplified and Traditional CharactersThird EditionThird Edition AUTHORSYuehua Liu, Tao-chung YaoNyan-Ping Bi, Liangyan Ge, and Yaohua Shioriginal authorsTao-chung Yao, Yuehua LiuLiangyan Ge, Yea-fen Chen, Nyan-Ping Bi,Xiaojun Wang and Yaohua ShiCheng & TsuiBostoncompanyi

Copyright 2009, 2005, 1997 Tao-chung Yao, Yuehua Liu, Liangyan Ge, Yea-fen Chen, Nyan-Ping Bi, XiaojunWang and Yaohua ShiThird EditionAll rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means,electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, scanning, or any information storage or retrievalsystem, without written permission from the publisher.All trademarks mentioned in this book are the property of their respective owners.16 15 14 13 12 11 10 09 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10Published byCheng & Tsui Company, Inc.25 West StreetBoston, MA 02111-1213 USAFax (617) 426-3669www.cheng-tsui.com“Bringing Asia to the World”TMISBN 978-0-88727-648-4Cover Design: studioradia.comCover Photographs: Man with map Getty Images; Shanghai skyline David Pedre/iStockphoto; Building withmasks Wu Jie; Night market Andrew Buko. Used by permission.Interior Design: hiSoftThe Integrated Chinese series includes books, workbooks, character workbooks, audio products, multimediaproducts, teacher’s resources, and more. Visit www.cheng-tsui.com for more information on the othercomponents of Integrated Chinese.Printed in Canada.

iCONTENTSPreface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iiiIntroductionRadicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1Numerals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13Lesson 1: GreetingsDialogue I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17Dialogue II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23Lesson 2: FamilyDialogue I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 7Dialogue II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3Lesson 3: Dates and TimeDialogue I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 7Dialogue II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 5Lesson 4: HobbiesDialogue I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 9Dialogue II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 6Lesson 5: Visiting FriendsDialogue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 9Narrative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 5Lesson 6: Making AppointmentsDialogue I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 7Dialogue II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74Lesson 7: Studying ChineseDialogue I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77Dialogue II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82SAMPLE

Lesson 8: School LifeDiary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 5Letter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 1Lesson 9: ShoppingDialogue I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 5Dialogue II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104Lesson 10: TransportationDialogue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109E-mail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115SAMPLEIndex A: Characters Alphabetically by Pinyin . . . . . . . . . . . . 119Index B: Characters by Lesson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127

iiiPrefaceThis completely revised and redesigned Character Workbook is meant to accompanythe third edition of Integrated Chinese (IC) . It has been over ten years since theIC series came into existence in 1997. During these years, amid all the historicalchanges that took place in China and the rest of the world, the demand for Chineselanguage teaching/learning materials has grown dramatically. We are greatlyencouraged by the fact that IC not only has been a widely used textbook at thecollege level all over the United States and beyond, but also has become increasinglypopular for advanced language students in high schools. Based on user feedback,we have made numerous changes so that the Character Workbook can become aneven more useful tool for students of Chinese.SAMPLEStressing the importance of learning a new character by its componentsLearning a new character becomes much easier if the student can identify itscomponents. The student should learn how to write the 40 radicals at the beginningof the Character Workbook in the correct stroke order first, because these 40radicals will appear repeatedly in other characters later. If a new character contains acomponent already familiar to the student, the stroke order of that component will notbe introduced again. However, we will show the stroke order of all new componentsas they appear when we introduce new characters. For example, when we introducethe character 孩 (hái, child) in Lesson 2, we do not show the stroke order for theradical 子 (zǐ, son) because 子 already appeared in the radical section. Therefore, weonly display the stroke order for the other component 亥 (hài, the last of the TwelveEarthly Branches). For the same reason, when 亥 appears in the new character 刻 (kè,quarter of an hour) in Lesson 3, its stroke order is not displayed. When the studentlearns a new character, he or she can easily tell if a component in the character hasappeared in previous lessons. If the stroke order for that component is not displayed,it means that the component is not new. The student should try to recall where he orshe has seen it before. By doing so, the student can connect new characters with oldones and build up a character bank. We believe that learning by association will helpthe student memorize characters better.Main features of the new Character Workbooka. Both traditional and simplified characters are introducedIf a character appears in both traditional and simplified form, we show both toaccommodate different learner needs.b. Pinyin and English definition are clearly notedWe have moved the pinyin and the English definition above each character for easyrecognition and review.

ivc. Radicals are highlightedThe radical of each character is highlighted. Knowing what radical group a characterbelongs to is essential when looking up that character in a traditional dictionarywhere the characters are arranged according to their radicals. To a certain extent,radicals can also help the student decipher the meaning of a character. For example,characters containing the radical 貝/贝 (bèi, shell), such as 貴/贵 (guì, expensive), and貨/货 (huò, merchandise), are often associated with money or value. The student cangroup the characters sharing the same radical together and learn them by association.d. Stroke order is prominently displayedAnother feature that we think is important is the numbering of each stroke in theorder of its appearance. Each number is marked at the beginning of that particularstroke. We firmly believe that it is essential to write a character in the correctstroke order, and to know where each stroke begins and ends. To display thestroke order more prominently, we have moved the step-by-step character writingdemonstration next to the main characters.SAMPLEe. A “training wheel” is providedWe also provide grids with fine shaded lines inside to help the student betterenvision and balance their characters when practicing.bacfàndemeal ֶ1123745692101183456712Other changes in the new editionIn order to focus on character recognition and acquisition, we decided not to includeelements having to do with phonetic identification and phrase recognition.To help the student look up characters more easily and to make the CharacterWorkbook smaller and more portable, we decided to limit the indices to two, onearranged alphabetically by pinyin and the other by lesson. Additional appendicesthat are not directly linked to the practice of writing characters, such as theEnglish-Chinese glossary, are available in the Textbook.

vAs in the textbook, low-frequency characters are indicated in gray in the CharacterWorkbook.The formation and radical of each character in this book are based on the ModernChinese Dictionary (現代漢語詞典/现代汉语词典) published by the Commercial Press (商務印書館/商务印书馆). A total of 201 radicals appear in that dictionary, and in somecases the same character is listed under more than one radical. For the charactersin this book that fall in that category, we provide two radicals in order to facilitatestudentsʼ dictionary searches. The two radicals are presented in order from top tobottom (e.g., 名: 夕, 口), left to right (e.g., 功:工, 立), and large to small (e.g., 章: 音, 立;麻: 麻, 广). Also following the Modern Chinese Dictionary , we have made adjustmentsand 别 are presented aswith regard to variant forms: For example, 黄, 望, 綫,standard rather than 黃, 望, 線, , and 別 respectively. Students, however, should beallowed to write the characters in their variant forms.SAMPLEThe changes that we made in the new version reflect the collective wishes of theusers. We would like to take this opportunity to thank those who gave us feedback onhow to improve the Character Workbook. We would like to acknowledge in particularProfessor Hu Shuangbao of Beijing University and Professor Shi Dingguo of BeijingLanguage and Culture University, both of whom read the entire manuscript andoffered invaluable comments and suggestions for revision. Ms. Laurel Damashek atCheng & Tsui assisted throughout the production process.We hope you find this new edition useful. We welcome your comments and feedback.Please report any typos or other errors to [email protected]

SAMPLE

Integrated right hand; again又又

2Introduction: Radicalskǒumouth口12口口3wéiencloseSAMPLE1 23tǔearth土21土土3xīsunset1夕23夕夕

Introduction: 23cùn子子inch2寸3女son11女寸寸3

4Introduction: Radicalsxiǎosmall小132gōng小小labor; work工12工3yāoSAMPLE工tiny; small幺12幺幺3gōng弓132bow弓弓

Introduction: 1戈234日日5

6Introduction: 水氵火灬

Introduction: 234目5shìshow示12435示礻示礻7

8Introduction: Radicalsmìfine 纟23456yīclothing衣123645衣衤衣衤

Introduction: Radicalsyánspeech言1234657訁訁讠bèi讠cowrie 贝4走走657zúfoot足1234675足足9

10Introduction: 钅SAMPLE門門門 门门16234455738zhuīshort-tailed bird隹312 4568127隹隹

Introduction: 马馬

12Introduction: RadicalsSAMPLE

Integrated

14Introduction: n七21bāeight八21八八

Introduction: Numeralsjiǔnine九21shíten十SAMPLE21十15

16Introduction: NumeralsSAMPLE

Integrated ChineseLesson 1: GreetingsDialogue Inǐyou你你3145267hǎofine; good; OK; nice; it's settled好SAMPLE好142356qǐngplease (polite form of request); to treat or to invite nto ask (a question)問问1253784916324510611請请

18Lesson 1: Greetingsguìhonorable; ) surname is .; to be surnamed; surnameSAMPLE姓7142貴贵5368wǒI; me我我5137624ne(question particle)呢12645387呢

Lesson 1: Greetingsjiěolder sister姐14256378jiàoto be called; to call叫SAMPLE51423shénwhat4什132me(question particle)129546么123871210113131419

20Lesson 1: 3456xiānfirst3先12465shēng4生1235birth; to be born生

Lesson 1: GreetingsCharacters from Proper Nounslǐ(a surname); 34(a surname); king王21

22Lesson 1: Greetingspéngfriend朋12563748SAMPLE

Lesson 1: GreetingsDialogue IIshìto 师21231735104864956ma(question particle)嗎吗514462815273910 11 12 133623

24Lesson 1: Greetingsbùnot; no不1234xuéto study23學学1256191071134 84512 13614157816yěSAMPLEtoo; also2也31rénpeople; person人12人

Lesson 1: GreetingsCharacters from Proper Nounszhōngcenter; middle4中1 23國SAMPLE国guó1country; nation2811032359445667811běinorth北51423725

26Lesson 1: Greetingsjīngcapital knob; button纽11258342476965310yuē7agreement; appointment約约122345417586963纽

Integrated ChineseLesson 2: FamilyDialogue Inàthat那那7 512416 542633de(a possessive or descriptive particle)那的SAMPLE612738495zhàophotograph; to illuminate; to shine照52163874101191312piànflat, thin piece2片15347

28Lesson 2: Familyzhèthis118522345 691034677bàfather; dadSAMPLE爸21345687māmother; mom媽妈11452674810 11 12gè/ge53932136(measure word for many common objects)1個个1324652789103

Lesson 2: 151024611341412927135 6810157tāshe; her她516243nánmale男1 2345 76929

30Lesson 2: Familydìyounger brother2弟1635 47tāhe; himSAMPLE他他41523gēolder brother哥123 456107 89érson; child兒儿1536214278儿

Lesson 2: Familyyǒuto have; to exist2有有1436 56méinot没SAMPLE4 512673Characters from Proper Nounsgāo高12364578910(a surname); tall; high高31

32Lesson 2: Familywén(written) language; script文1234文SAMPLE

Lesson 2: FamilyDialogue IIjiāfamily; home1家2349561078jǐhow many; some; a few幾SAMPLE几几10141 25263178119liǎngtwo; a couple of兩两114865775mè