第二课Family家庭Dì èr kèJiātíngLESSON 2LEARNING OBJECTIVESIn this lesson, you will learn to use Chinese to Employ basic kinship terms;Describe a family photo;Ask about someone’s profession;Say some common professions.RELATE AND GET READYIn your own culture/community—1. What is the typical family structure?2. Does an adult consider his/her parents’ house his/her home?3. Do adults live with their parents?4. Do people mention their father or mother first when talking aboutfamily members?5. Is it culturally appropriate to ask about people’s professions upon firstmeeting them?Simp-1-1-IC3-41Lesson 2.indd 413/29/2010 1:45:25 PM

42Integrated Chinese Level 1 Part 1 TextbookDialogue I: Looking at a Family PhotoLANGUAGE NOTES(Wang Peng is in Gao Wenzhong’s room and points to apicture on the wall.)高文中,那是你的1照片吗?这 can alsobe pronounced as zhèi and 那 asIn colloquial Chinese,nèi if followed by a measure wordor a numeral and a measure word.(They both walk toward the picture and then stand infront of it.)是。这是我爸爸,这是我妈妈。这 子是你弟弟吗?Simp-1-1-IC3-41Lesson 2.indd 423/29/2010 1:45:31 PM

43Lesson 2 Family不是,他是我大哥的儿子 。“Son” in Chinese is儿子 (érzi),儿子 (érzi, son) cannot bereplaced by 男孩子and你大哥有 女儿吗?4(nán háizi, boy). “Daughter” is他没有女儿。女儿 (nǚ’ér), and 女儿(nǚ’ér) cannot be interchanged(Wang Peng is in Gao Wenzhong’s room and points to a pictureon the wall.)with女孩子(nǚ háizi, girl).Gāo Wénzhōng, nà shì nǐ de1 zhàopiàn ma?(They both walk toward the picture and then stand in front of it.)Shì. Zhè shì wǒ bàba, zhè shì wǒ māma.Zhè ge2 nǚ háizi shì shéi3?Tā shì wǒ jiějie.Zhè ge nán háizi shì nǐ dìdi ma?Bú shì, tā shì wǒ dàgē de érzi .Nǐ dàgē yǒu4 nǚ’ér ma?Tā méiyǒu nǚ’ér.VOCABULARY1.2.那的nàprthatdep(a possessive or descriptive particle)[See Grammar cture; photozhèprthisbàbanfather, dadmāmanmother, momgè/gem(measure word for many commoneveryday objects) [See Grammar 2.]8.Simp-1-1-IC3-41Lesson 2.indd 43女nǚadjfemale3/29/2010 1:45:39 PM

44Integrated Chinese Level 1 Part 1 儿没háizinchildshéiqprwho [See Grammar 3.]tāprshe; herjiějienolder sisternánadjmaledìdinyounger brothertāprhe; himdàgēneldest brotherérzinsonyǒuvto have; to exist [See Grammar 4.]nǚ’érndaughterméiadvnotProper Noun21.高文中高Gāo Wénzhōng(a personal name)gāo(a surname) tall; highThe picture on the wall in Gao Wenzhong’s room.Simp-1-1-IC3-41Lesson 2.indd 443/29/2010 1:45:43 PM

Lesson 2 Family45Grammar1. The Particle 的 (de) (I)To indicate a possessive relationship, the particle的 appears between the “possessor”and the “possessed.” To that extent, it is equivalent to the “’s” structure in English. Forexample:老师的名字(lǎoshī de míngzi) teacher’s name. The particle 的 (de)is often omitted in colloquial speech after a personal pronoun and before a kinship term.“王朋的妈妈”(Wáng Péng de māma, Wang Peng’s mother)but“我妈妈”(wǒ māma, my mother). See also Grammar 3 in Lesson 3.Therefore, we say2. Measure Words (I)In Chinese a numeral is usually not followed immediately by a noun. Rather, a measureword is inserted between the number and the noun, as in (1), (2), and (3) below. Similarly, ameasure word is often inserted between a demonstrative pronoun and a noun, as in (4) and(5) below. There are over one hundred measure words in Chinese, but you may hear onlytwo or three dozen in everyday speech. Many nouns are associated with special measurewords, which often bear a relationship to the meaning of the given noun.个 (gè /ge) is the single most common measure word in Chinese. It is also sometimesused as a substitute for other measure words.一个人yí ge rén(a person)一个学生yí ge xuésheng(a student)一个老师yí ge lǎoshī(a teacher)Simp-1-1-IC3-41Lesson 2.indd 453/29/2010 1:45:47 PM

46Integrated Chinese Level 1 Part 1 Textbook这个孩子zhè ge háizi(this child)那个男学生nà ge nán xuésheng(that male student)3. Question Pronouns谁 (shéi, who), 什么 (shénme, what), 哪 (nǎ/něi, which) [SeeLesson 6], 哪儿 (nǎr, where) [See Lesson 5], 几 (jǐ, how many), etc. In a question with aQuestion pronouns includequestion pronoun, the word order is exactly the same as that in a declarative sentence. Therefore,when learning to form a question with a question pronoun, we can start with a declarative sentenceand then replace the part in question with the appropriate question pronoun, e.g.:那个女孩子是李友。Nà ge nǚ háizi shì Lǐ Yǒu.(That girl is Li You.)From (1), one can replace那个女孩子 (Nà ge nǚ háizi) with 谁 (shéi) to form a question ifhe or she wishes to find out who Li You is:(1a)谁是李友?Shéi shì Lǐ Yǒu?(Who is Li You?)谁 (shéi) functions as the subject of the sentence and occupies the same position as那个女孩子 (Nà ge nǚ háizi) in the corresponding statement.HereOne can also replace李友 (Lǐ Yǒu) in (1) with 谁 (shéi) to form a question if he or she wishes tofind out who that girl is:(1b)那个女孩子是谁?Nà ge nǚ háizi shì shéi?(Who is that girl?)谁 (shéi) functions as the object of the sentence and occupies the same position as 李友 (Lǐ Yǒu).Simp-1-1-IC3-41Lesson 2.indd 463/29/2010 1:45:50 PM

Lesson 2 Family47MORE EXAMPLES:A:谁是老师?Shéi shì lǎoshī?(Who is a teacher?)B:李先生是老师。Lǐ xiānsheng shì lǎoshī.(Mr. Li is a teacher.)A:那个女孩子姓什么?Nà ge nǚ háizi xìng shénme?(What’s that girl’s family name?)B:那个女孩子姓王。Nà ge nǚ háizi xìng Wáng.(That girl’s family name is Wang.)A:谁有姐姐?Shéi yǒu jiějie?(Who has older sisters?)B:高文中有姐姐。Gāo Wénzhōng yǒu jiějie.(Gao Wenzhong has an older sister.)4.有 (yǒu) in the Sense of “to Have” or “to Possess”有 (yǒu) is always negated with 没 (méi) instead of 不 (bù).EXAMPLES:A:王先生有弟弟吗?Wáng xiānsheng yǒu dìdi ma?(Does Mr. Wang have a younger brother?)Simp-1-1-IC3-41Lesson 2.indd 473/29/2010 1:45:51 PM

48Integrated Chinese Level 1 Part 1 TextbookB:王先生没有弟弟。Wáng xiānsheng méiyǒu dìdi.(Mr. Wang doesn’t have any younger brothers.)A:我有三个姐姐,你呢?Wǒ yǒu sān ge jiějie, nǐ ne?(I have three older sisters. How about you?)B:我没有姐姐。Wǒ méiyǒu jiějie.(I don’t have any older sisters.)Language PracticeA.谁(shéi, who)Look at the pictures, and work with a partner to find out who they 人/男孩子是王朋。B: Zhè ge rén/nán háizi shì Wáng Péng.1.B.有/没有A: Zhè ge rén/nán háizi shì shéi?2.(yǒu/méiyǒu, have/do not have)Ask and answer the following questions based on the text of Lesson 2 and yourown situation.EXAMPLE:高大哥 女儿Simp-1-1-IC3-41Lesson 2.indd 48Gāo dàgē nǚ’ér3/29/2010 1:45:55 PM

Lesson 2 FamilyA:高大哥有女儿吗?A: Gāo dàgē yǒu nǚ’ér ma?B:没有,他没有女儿。B: Méiyǒu, tā méiyǒu nǚ’ér.高文中 姐姐2. 高大哥 儿子3. 你 姐姐4. 你 弟弟5. 你的老师 女儿491. Gāo Wénzhōng jiějie1.2. Gāo dàgē érzi4. Nǐ jiějie5. Nǐ dìdi6. Nǐ de lǎoshī nǚ’érC. “Who is this?”Exchange family pictures and ask about the other person’s familymembers.A:这是谁?B:这是我A: Zhè shì shéi?。B: Zhè shì wǒ.D. Family PictureShow your family picture to the class and describe the people in thepicture.这是我爸爸,这是我妈妈, Simp-1-1-IC3-41Lesson 2.indd 49Zhè shì wǒ bàba,zhè shì wǒ māma, 3/29/2010 1:45:58 PM

50Integrated Chinese Level 1 Part 1 TextbookDialogue II: Asking about Someone's Family白英爱,你家 有5几口 一个哥哥、两6个妹妹和 我 。李友,你家有几口人?LANGUAGE NOTESIn Chinese,家 (jiā) can refer to one’s familyas well as one’s home. So one can point to“我his or her family picture and say家有四口人”(Wǒ jiā yǒu sì kǒurén; There are four people in my family), andone can also point to his or her house andsay“这是我家”(Zhè shì wǒ jiā;This is my home).口 (kǒu) is the idiomatic measure wordin northern China for the number of Simp-1-1-IC3-41Lesson 2.indd 50members. In the south, people say个 (gè/ge) instead.See next page.3/29/2010 1:46:01 PM

51Lesson 2 老师,我爸爸是医生。The numeral一 (yī, one) is pronouncedin the first tone (yī) when it stands alone orcomes at the end of a phrase or sentence.Otherwise, its pronunciation changesaccording to the following rules:(a) Before a fourth-tone syllable, it becomessecond tone:一个 (yí gè).(b) Before a first-, second- or third-tonesyllable, it is pronounced in the fourth tone,Bài Yīng’ài, nǐ jiā yǒu5 jǐ kǒurén?Wǒ jiā yǒu liù kǒu rén. Wǒ bàba, wǒ māma, yígēge, liǎng6 ge mèimei hé一张 (yì zhāng, a sheet), 一盘 (yìpán, one plate), 一本 (yì běn, one volume).Unlike and, 和 (hé) cannot link two clausesor two sentences: 我爸爸是老师,*和我妈妈是医生 (Wǒe.g.,gewǒ . Lǐ Yǒu, nǐ jiāyǒu jǐ kǒu rén?Wǒ jiā yǒu wǔ kǒu rén: bàba, māma, dàjiě, èrjiě héwǒ. Nǐ bàba māma zuò shénme gōngzuò?bàba shì lǎoshī, *hé wǒ māma shì yīsheng).The pause mark, or series comma,、 isWǒ bàba shì lǜshī, māma shì Yīngwén lǎoshī, gēge,often used to link two, three or even moremèimei dōu7 shì dàxuéshēng.parallel words or phrases, e.g.,Wǒ māma yě shì lǎoshī, wǒ bàba shì yīshēng.爸爸、妈妈、两个妹妹和我 (bàba,māma, liǎng ge mèimei hé wǒ; dad, mom,two younger sisters and I). For furtherdiscussion of this punctuation mark, seeLanguage Note 1 for Dialogue I in Lesson 4.VOCABULARY1.2.3.家几口jiānfamily; homejǐnuhow many; some; a fewkǒum(measure word for number of familymembers)4.5.Simp-1-1-IC3-41Lesson 2.indd 51哥哥两gēgenolder brotherliǎngnutwo; a couple of [See Grammar 6.]3/29/2010 1:46:06 PM

52Integrated Chinese Level 1 Part 1 大学医生mèimeinyounger sisterhéconjanddàjiěneldest sisterèrjiěnsecond oldest sisterzuòvto dogōngzuòn/vjob; to worklǜshīnlawyerYīngwénnEnglish (language)dōuadvboth; all [See Grammar 7.]dàxuéshēngncollege studentdàxuénuniversity; collegeyīshēngndoctor; physicianProper Noun17.白英爱Bái Yīng’ài(a personal name)Who do you think works in this office?Simp-1-1-IC3-41Lesson 2.indd 523/29/2010 1:46:10 PM

53Lesson 2 FamilyGrammar5.有 (yǒu) in the Sense of “to Exist”EXAMPLES:我家有五个人。Wǒ jiā yǒu wǔ ge rén.(There are five people in my family.)小高家有两个大学生。Xiǎo Gāo jiā yǒu liǎng ge dàxuéshēng.(There are two college students in Little Gao’s family.)6. The Usage of 二 (èr) and 两 (liǎng)二 (èr) and 两 (liǎng) both mean “two,” but they differ in usage. 两 (liǎng) is used in front ofcommon measure words to express a quantity, e.g., 两个人 (liǎng ge rén, two persons). Incounting, one uses 二 (èr): “一, 二, 三, 四 ” (yī, èr, sān, sì; one, two,three, four.). In compound numerals, 二 (èr) is always used for the 2 on the last two digits, e.g.,二十二 (èrshí’èr, 22); 一百二十五 (yìbǎi èrshí’wǔ, 125). But 二百二十二 (èrbǎièrshí’èr, 222) can also be said as 两百二十二 (liǎngbǎi èrshí’èr, 222).7. The Adverb 都 (dōu, both; all)The word都 (dōu) indicates inclusiveness. As it always occurs in front of a verb, it is classified asan adverb. However, because it refers to something that has been mentioned earlier in the sentence,or in a preceding sentence, it also has a pronoun-like flavor and it must be used at the end of anenumeration.Simp-1-1-IC3-41Lesson 2.indd 533/29/2010 1:46:21 PM

54Integrated Chinese Level 1 Part 1 学生。Wáng Péng, Lǐ Yǒu hé Gāo Wénzhōng dōu shì xuésheng.(Wang Peng, Li You, and Gao Wenzhong are all students.)(lit. Wang Peng, Li You, and Gao Wenzhong all are students.)都 (dōu) refers back to Wang Peng, Li You and Gao Wenzhong and therefore appears after they[are mentioned.]王朋和李友都不是律师。Wáng Péng hé Lǐ Yǒu dōu bú shì lǜshī.(Neither Wang Peng nor Li You is a lawyer.)王朋和白英爱都有妹妹。Wáng Péng hé Bái Yīng’ài dōu yǒu mèimei.(Both Wang Peng and Bai Ying’ai have younger sisters.)(lit. Wang Peng and Bai Ying’ai both have younger sisters.)高文中和李友都没有弟弟。Gāo Wénzhōng hé Lǐ Yǒu dōu méi yǒu dìdi.(Neither Gao Wenzhong nor Li You has any younger brothers.)没 (méi) is always used to negate 有 (yǒu). However, to say “not all of . have,” we say 不都有 (bù dōu yǒu) rather than *没都有 (méi dōu yǒu). Whether the negative precedes or followsthe word 都 (dōu) makes the difference between partial negation and complete negation.COMPARE:a.他们不都是中国人。 (他们: tāmen, they)(Tāmen bù dōu shì Zhōngguó rén.)b.他们都不是中国人。(Tāmen dōu bú shì Zhōngguó rén.)c.(Not all of them have younger brothers.)他们都没有弟弟。(Tāmen dōu méi yǒu dìdi.)Simp-1-1-IC3-41Lesson 2.indd 54(None of them are Chinese.)他们不都有弟弟。(Tāmen bù dōu yǒu dìdi.)d.(Not all of them are Chinese.)(None of them have any younger brothers.)3/29/2010 1:46:23 PM

Lesson 2 Family55Language PracticeE.有(yǒu, there is/there are)Take out your family pictures, ask three of your classmates how many familymembers they have, and report back to the class.EXAMPLE:请问,你家有几口人?B: 我家有四口人。A:A: Qǐng wèn, nǐ jiā yǒu jǐ kǒu rén?B: Wǒ jiā yǒu sì kǒu rén.Classmate 1 (Chris)Classmate 2 (Anne)Classmate 3 (Joe)F. Question Pronouns 谁 (shéi, who),什么几(jǐ, how many),(shénme, what)Based on the texts of Lessons 1 and 2, formulate a question or a response foreach of the sentences below using the appropriate question pronoun.EXAMPLE:1. A:B:Simp-1-1-IC3-41Lesson 2.indd 55A:这是谁?A: Zhè shì shéi?B:这是王朋。B: Zhè shì Wáng Péng.有儿子?高文中的大哥有儿子。1. A:yǒu érzi?B: Gāo Wénzhōng de dàgē yǒu érzi.3/29/2010 1:46:26 PM

56Integrated Chinese Level 1 Part 1 Textbook2. A:B:3. A:B:4. A:B:5. A:B:李友家有口人?2. A: Lǐ Yǒu jiā yǒukǒu rén?李友家有五口人。B: Lǐ Yǒu jiā yǒu wǔ kǒu rén.白英爱有3. A: Bái Yīng’ài 爸爸做工作?ge mèimei?B: Bái Yīng’ài yǒu liǎng ge mèimei.4. A: Lǐ Yǒu de bàba 的妈妈做工作?B: Lǐ Yǒu de bàba shì yīshēng.5. A: Bái Yīng’ài de māma B: Bái Yīng’ài de māma shìYīngwén lǎoshī.G. Find out Who or What They AreIt’s almost Halloween. Your friends put on costumes and props, and you want toknow who or what they are. Therefore, you ask them the following questions tofind out:你是人吗?你做什么工作?Nǐ shìorrén ma?Nǐ zuò shénme gōngzuò?Here are their costumes and props:1.Simp-1-1-IC3-41Lesson 2.indd 562. 1:46:29 PM

57Lesson 2 FamilyH.都 (dōu, both; all)Based on the information given, rephrase the sentences withEXAMPLE:王朋是学生,Wáng Péng shì xuésheng,李友也是学生。Lǐ Yǒu yě shì xuésheng. 妈是老师,李友的妈妈也是老师。 Wáng Péng hé Lǐ Yǒudōu shì xuésheng.1. Bái Yīng’ài de māma shì lǎoshī,Lǐ Yǒu de māma yě shì lǎoshī. 2.李友有姐姐,高文中也有姐姐。2. Lǐ Yǒu yǒu jiějie,Gāo Wénzhōng yě yǒu jiějie. 人。3. Wáng Péng bú shì Niǔyuē rén,Gāo Wénzhōng yě bú