Transcription

Language Handbook WorksheetsAdditional Practice in Grammar,Usage, and MechanicsSupport for the Language Handbookin the Student EditionSecond Course

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and WinstonAll rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced ortransmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,including photocopy, recording, or any information storage andretrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.Teachers using LANGUAGE HANDBOOK WORKSHEETS mayphotocopy blackline masters in complete pages in sufficientquantities for classroom use only and not for resale.HOLT, HRW, and the “Owl Design” are trademarks licensed to Holt,Rinehart and Winston, registered in the United States of Americaand/or other jurisdictions.Printed in the United States of AmericaIf you have received these materials as examination copies freeof charge, Holt, Rinehart and Winston retains title to thematerials and they may not be resold. Resale of examinationcopies is strictly prohibited.Possession of this publication in print format does not entitleusers to convert this publication, or any portion of it, intoelectronic format.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 179 09 08 07

Table of ContentsTo the Teacher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ixLanguage Handbook 1The Parts of tifying Nouns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1Identifying and Using Pronouns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2Identifying Adjectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3Identifying and Using Action and Helping Verbs . . 4Identifying Linking and Helping Verbs . . . . . . . . . 5Identifying and Using Adverbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6Identifying Prepositions and PrepositionalPhrases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7Identifying Conjunctions and Interjections;Determining Parts of Speech . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9Language Handbook 2Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights rksheet9Worksheet 10Worksheet 11Worksheet 12Worksheet 13Using Singular and Plural Forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12Making Subjects and Verbs Agree . . . . . . . . . . . . 13Using Subjects and Verbs with PrepositionalPhrases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14Ensuring Agreement with Indefinite Pronouns . . 15Ensuring Agreement with Subjects Joinedby And, Or, or Nor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16Ensuring Agreement with Collective Nounsand with Don’t and Doesn’t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17Ensuring Agreement in Questions and inSentences That Begin with There and Here . . . . . 18Ensuring Agreement with Singular WordsThat Have Plural Forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19Ensuring Agreement Between Pronoun andAntecedent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Avoiding Problems in Agreement of Pronounand Antecedent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21Ensuring Pronoun-Antecedent Agreementwith And, Or, and Nor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22Avoiding Problems in Agreement of Pronounand Antecedent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25Table of Contentsiii

Language Handbook 3Using VerbsWorksheet 1Worksheet 2Worksheet 3Worksheet 4Worksheet 5Worksheet 6Worksheet 7Worksheet 8Worksheet 9Worksheet 10Identifying Past, Present, and Future Tenses . . . . 28Using Irregular Verbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29More Practice with Irregular Verbs . . . . . . . . . . . 30Identifying and Using Verb Tenses . . . . . . . . . . . 32Using Consistent Verb Tense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34Identifying and Using Active and Passive Voice . . 37Using Sit and Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39Using Lie and Lay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40Using Rise and Raise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42Language Handbook rksheet3456WorksheetWorksheet78Identifying and Using Pronouns in theNominative Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46Identifying and Using Pronouns as PredicateNominatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47Using Pronouns as Direct Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . 48Using Pronouns in the Objective Case . . . . . . . . 49Using Pronouns as Objects of Prepositions . . . . . 50Using Who and Whom and ReflexivePronouns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51More Practice with Pronouns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53Language Handbook 5Using WorksheetWorksheet456Table of ContentsIdentifying and Using Modifiers in Regularand Irregular Comparisons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56Using Modifiers Correctly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57Using Other and Else; Avoiding DoubleComparisons and Double Negatives . . . . . . . . . . 58Correcting Misplaced Modifiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59Correcting Dangling and Misplaced Modifiers . . . 61Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.Using Pronouns

Language Handbook rksheet5Worksheet6Worksheet7Worksheet8Identifying Prepositional Phrases . . . . . . . . . . . . 65Identifying and Using Adjective Phrases . . . . . . . 66Identifying and Using Adverb Phrases . . . . . . . . . 67Identifying Present and Past Participles andParticipial Phrases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68Identifying and Using Gerunds and GerundPhrases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70Identifying and Using Infinitives and InfinitivePhrases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71Identifying and Using Appositives andAppositive Phrases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73Language Handbook heet2345Identifying Independent and SubordinateClauses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76Identifying and Using Adjective Clauses . . . . . . . 77Identifying and Using Adverb Clauses . . . . . . . . . 79Identifying Noun Clauses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.Language Handbook Worksheet5Worksheet6Identifying Sentences and SentenceFragments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84Correcting Sentence Fragments . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85Identifying the Complete Subject and theComplete Predicate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86Identifying the Simple Subject and theSimple Predicate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87Identifying and Using Compound Subjectsand Compound Verbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89Table of Contentsv

Language Handbook t4Worksheet5Identifying Subjects, Verbs, and Complements . . 92Identifying Direct Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93Identifying Direct Objects and IndirectObjects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94Identifying Linking Verbs, PredicateNominatives, and Predicate Adjectives . . . . . . . . 95Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96Language Handbook 10Kinds of orksheet5Worksheet6Identifying Simple and Compound Sentences . . . 98Identifying Independent and SubordinateClauses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99Identifying Independent and SubordinateClauses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100Indentifying Independent and SubordinateClauses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101Classifying Sentences by Structure andPurpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104Language Handbook eet5Worksheet6WorksheetWorksheet78Table of ContentsCorrecting Run-on Sentences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107Correcting and Revising Run-on Sentences . . . . 108Combining Choppy Sentences by InsertingWords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110Combining Choppy Sentences by InsertingPhrases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112Combining Choppy Sentences by Using And,But, or Or . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114Combining Choppy Sentences by UsingSubordinate Clauses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117Revising Stringy and Wordy Sentences . . . . . . . 120Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.Writing Effective Sentences

Language Handbook 12Capital ksheet5WorksheetWorksheet67Using Capital Letters Correctly . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127Capitalizing Proper Nouns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128Capitalizing Proper Nouns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129Capitalizing Proper Adjectives and SchoolSubjects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131Capitalizing Proper Adjectives and SchoolSubjects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132Capitalizing Titles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134Language Handbook 13Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights Using End Marks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137Using End Marks and Periods AfterAbbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138Using Commas to Separate Words andPhrases and After Introductory Elements . . . . . . 139Using Commas in Compound Sentencesand with Interrupters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140Using Commas with Interrupters and withIntroductory Words, Phrases, and Clauses . . . . . 141Using Commas for Dates and Addressesand in Letters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142Using Semicolons and Colons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145Language Handbook orksheet12345Using Italics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148Punctuating Quotations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149Punctuating Quotations and Dialogue . . . . . . . . 150Using Italics and Quotation Marks . . . . . . . . . . . 151Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152Table of Contentsvii

Language Handbook tWorksheet345Using Apostrophes to Show Possession . . . . . . 155Using Apostrophes for Contractions, Plurals,and Possessives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156Using Hyphens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158Using Parentheses and Dashes . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160Language Handbook rksheet345Worksheet6Using Word Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163Spelling Words with ie, ei, cede, ceed,and sede . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164Adding Prefixes and Suffixes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165Forming Plurals of Nouns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166More Practice Forming the Plurals of Nounsand Spelling Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168Language Handbook 17WorksheetWorksheetWorksheetviiiTable of Contents123Common Usage Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171Common Usage Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.Glossary of Usage

To the TeacherThis booklet, Language Handbook Worksheets, contains practice andreinforcement copying masters that cover the material presented in theLanguage Handbook section of the Student Edition. The worksheetscorrespond to the grammar, usage, and mechanics rules and instructioncovered in the Language Handbook. Tests at the end of each section can beused either for assessment or as end-of-section reviews.Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.A separate Answer Key for the Language Handbook Worksheets providesanswers or suggested responses to all items in this booklet.To the Teacherix

NAMELanguageHandbookCLASSDATE1 The Parts of SpeechWORKSHEET 1Identifying NounsDraw a line under each noun in the following paragraph. Do notunderline pronouns. You will find twenty-five nouns.Exercise AEXAMPLE[1] Perhaps the most surprising thing about the inventorThomas Edison is that he never seemed to need anysleep.[1] Most people need eight to ten hours of sleep