5 paragraph opord sustainmentThis article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) This article needs attention from an expert in Military history. Please add a reason or a talk parameter to this template to explain the issue with the article. WikiProject Military historymay be able to help recruit an expert. (October 2008) This article may be confusing or unclear to readers. Please help clarify the article. There might be a discussion about this on the talk page. (October 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) An OperationOrder, often abbreviated to OPORD, is a plan format meant to assist subordinate units with the conduct of military operations. An OPORD describes the situation the unit faces, the mission of the unit, and what supporting activities the unit will conduct in order to achieve their commander's desired end state. Normally an OPORD isgenerated at the battalion, regimental, brigade, divisional, or corps headquarters and disseminated to its assigned or attached elements. The issuance of an OPORD triggers subordinate unit leadership to develop orders specific to the role or roles that the unit will assume within the operation. This more narrowly focused order borrowsinformation from the original, or base, order (for example; weather, phase lines, radio frequencies, etc.) and adds additional details that pertain more to the minutiae of the actions a unit is tasked to conduct in support of the overarching operation. Frederick Edwin Garman was the original developer and inventor of the format called"Operation Order". He developed this as a standard format for himself and his subordinates while assigned to Fort Benning's Infantry School, Ranger & Tactics Department in 1957 to 1958. The Army quickly adapted it for standardized practice and required its use during the Vietnam War. Now his version of OPORD is used by all militaryforces within the Department of Defense. A standardized five paragraph order format is used by the United States Department of Defense and most other military forces. An OPORD is formatted to organize an operation into five easily understood paragraphs: Situation, Mission, Execution, Sustainment (formerly Service and Support,currently referred to as Admin & Logistics by the US Marine Corps), and Command and Control. Higher echelon's OPORDs often contain extensive details. The author of the order will often move the majority of this material to an annex or appendix. These are then issued alongside the base order. The annexes and appendices allow theOPORD to be more easily read and understood by encouraging the inclusion or removal of material after its relevancy to the order's end user is determined. Variations The OPORD is the primary means by which a unit commander and his or her staff deliver instructions and information to subordinate units regarding the missions they aretasked to undertake or support. But it is not the only type of order that may be issued for a mission: A warning order (WARNORD or WARNO) informs units that an OPORD may be forthcoming. Time and circumstances permitting, a WARNORD is issued to subordinate leaders immediately after receipt of the unit's mission from higher.This is intended to provide subordinates time to develop their own warning and operations orders based on information contained within the WARNORD. A fragmentary order (FRAGORD or FRAGO) informs units that one or more elements of the base order have changed. Once an OPORD is given, the situation may change before themission begins, or, during the operation the situation may change so that the base order must be modified. In these cases the commander will issue a FRAGORD. The FRAGORD follows the same format as the base order but only states the changes that must be made. Format OPORD [sequential order number and fiscal year] [codename] - [issuing headquarters] (place the overall security classification and an abbreviated title at the top of the second and any following pages.) 1. SITUATION. a. Area of Interest. b. Area of Operations. (1) Terrain. (2) Weather. c. Enemy Forces. (1) Composition, Disposition, and Strength. (2) Recent Activities. (3) Locations andCapabilities. (4) Enemy COAs (Courses of Action). d. Friendly Forces. (1) Higher HQ Mission and Intent. (2) Mission of Adjacent Units. e. Attachments and Detachments. 2. MISSION. A concise statement that includes the Who, What, Where, When, and Why of the operation to be conducted. 3. EXECUTION. a. Commander's Intent b.Concept of operations. (1) Maneuver. (2) Fires. (3) Reconnaissance and Surveillance. (4) Intelligence. (5) Engineer. (6) Air Defense. (7) Information Operations. c. Scheme of Movement and Maneuver. d. Scheme of Fires. e. Casualty Evacuation. f. Tasks to Subordinate Units g. Tasks to Combat Support. (1) Intelligence. (2) Engineer. (3)Fire Support. (4) Air Defense. (5) Signal. (6) CBRNE (Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosive weapons) (7) Provost Marshal. (8) MISO (Military Information Support Operations, formerly Psychological Operations or PSYOP) (9) Civil Military. h. Coordinating Instructions. (1) Time or condition when the plan or orderbecomes effective. (2) CCIR (Commander's Critical Information Requirements) (3) EEFI (Essential Elements of Friendly Information) (4) Risk Reduction Control Measures. (5) Rules of Engagement. (6) Environmental Considerations. (7) Force Protection. 4. SUSTAINMENT. a. Logistics. (1) Sustainment Overlay. (2) Maintenance. (3)Transportation. (4) Supply. (5) Field Services. b. Personnel Services Support. (1) Method of marking and handling EPWs. (2) Religious Services. c. Army Health System Support. (1) Medical Command and Control. (2) Medical Treatment. (3) Medical Evacuation. (4) Preventive Medicine. 5. COMMAND AND CONTROL. a. Command. (1)Location of Commander. (2) Succession of Command. b. Control. (1) Command Posts. (2) Reports. c. Signal. (1) SOI index in effect. (2) Methods of communication by priority. (3) Pyrotechnics and Signals. (4) Code Words. (5) Challenge and Password. (6) Number Combination. (7) Running Password. (8) Recognition Signals. See alsoFive paragraph order FRAGPLAN Standard operating procedure References FM 5-0, paragraph 1-130. FM 5-0, paragraph 1-19. US Army Doctrinal Publication 5-0: THE OPERATIONS PROCESS US Army Doctrinal Reference Publication 5-0: THE OPERATIONS PROCESS US Army Techniques Publication 7-8: INFANTRYPLATOON AND SQUAD US Army Student Handbook 21-76 Retrieved from " STP 21-1-SMCT HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Soldier’s Manual of Common Tasks Warrior Skills Level 1 MAY 2011 DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. The Soldier’s Creed I am anAmerican Soldier. I am a Warrior and a member of a team. I serve the people of the United States and live the Army Values. I will always place the mission first. I will never accept defeat. I will never quit. I will never leave a fallen comrade. I am disciplined, physically and mentally tough, trained, and proficient in my warrior tasks and drills. Ialways maintain my arms, my equipment, and myself. I am an expert and I am a professional. I stand ready to deploy, engage, and destroy the enemies of the United States of America in close combat. I am a guardian of freedom and the American way of life. I am an American Soldier. This publication is available at Army KnowledgeOnline (www.us.army.mil) and at the General Dennis J. Reimer Training and Doctrine Digital Library (www.train.army.mil ). *STP 21-1-SMCT Soldier Training Publication No. 21-1-SMCT Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, D.C., 2 May 2011 Contents Preface.vi Chapter 1 Introduction to the SMCT System . 1-1 Chapter 2 Training Guide. 2- 1 Chapter 3 Warrior Skills Level 1 Tasks . 3-1 AppendixProponent School or Agency Codes . Appendix-1 Glossary . Glossary-1 Subject Area 1: Shoot/Maintain, Employ, and Engage with Assigned Weapon System . 3-1 071-100-0029Perform a Function Check on an M-16 Series Rifle/ M4 Series Carbine . 3-1 071-100-0028 Load an M16 Series Rifle/M4 Series Carbine . 3-2 071-100-0027 Unload an M16 Series Rifle/M4 Series Carbine . 3-4 071-100-0030 EngageTargets with an M16 Series Rifle/M4 Series Carbine . 3-6 071-100-0033 Correct Malfunctions on an M-16 Series Rifle/M4 Series Carbine . 3-7 071-100-0031 Zero an M-16 Series Rifle/M4 Series Carbine . 3-9 071-100-0039 Mount an AN/PAQ-4Series Aiming Light on an M-16-Series Rifle/M4 Carbine . 3-13 071-100-0042 Zero an AN/PAQ-4 Series Aiming Light to an M-16 Series Rifle/M4 Carbine . 3-17 071-100-0040 Dismount an AN/PAQ-4 Series Aiming Light toan M-16 Series Rifle/M4 Carbine . 3-20 071-100-0041 Engage Targets with an M-16-Series Rifle/M4 Series Carbine Using an AN/PAQ-4 Series Aiming Light . 3-22 071-100-0021 Engage Targets with an M16-Series Rifle/M4 Carbine Using anAN/PAS-13-Series Thermal Weapon Sight . 3-23 Distribution Restriction: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. *This manual supersedes STP 21-1-SMCT, 18 June 2009. i 071-325-4401 Perform Safety Checks on Hand Grenades .3-24 071-325-4407 Employ HandGrenades .3-29 Subject Area 2: Move .3-31 071-326-0501 Move as a Member of a Fire Team .3-31 071-326-0541 Perform Exterior Movement Techniques During an Urban Operation.3-34 071-329-1000 Identify Topographic Symbols on a Military Map . 3-39 071-329-1001 Identify Terrain Features on a Map .3-42 071-329-1008 Measure Distance on aMap .3-52 071-329-1002 Determine the Grid Coordinates of a Point on a Military Map .3-55 071-329-1005 Determine a Location on the Ground by Terrain Association .3-59 071-329-1012 Orient a Map to the Ground by Map-Terrain Association .3-61 071-329-1011 Orient a Map Using a LensaticCompass .3-62 071-329-1003 Determine a Magnetic Azimuth Using a Lensatic Compass.3-63 071-329-1006 Navigate from One Point on the Ground to Another Point While Dismounted .3-67 071-329-1030 Navigate from One Point on the Groundto Another Point While Mounted . 3-69 113-610-2005 Navigate Using the Defense Advanced Global Positioning System (GPS) Receiver (DAGR) . 3-71 071-326-0502 Move Under Direct Fire.3-72 071-326-0503 Move Over, Through, or Around Obstacles (Except Minefields). 3-75 071 326-0510 React to Indirect Fire while Dismounted .3-78 071-326-3002 React to Indirect Fire while Mounted.3-79 071-410-0002 React to Direct Fire Mounted .3-81 071-326-0513 Select Temporary Fighting Positions .3-82 Subject Area 3: Communicate .3-84 113-587-2070 Operate SINCGARS Single-Channel (SC).3-84 113-571-1022 Perform Voice Communications .3-85 113-587-2000 Operate Secure SINCGARS .3-87 ii 2 May 2011 STP 21-1-SMCT 081-831-0101 Request Medical Evacuation. 3-88 171-121-4079 Send a SituationReport (SITREP) . 3-91 071-121-4080 Send a Spot Report (SPOTREP) . 3-93 093-403-5030 Report Explosive Hazard (EH) . 3-96 071-326-0608 Use Visual Signaling Techniques . 3-98 Subject Area 4: Survive.